City of St. Catharines (Lower Tier Niagara)

Phone : (905) 688-4064
Your Host(s) : Canada Post St. Catharines

St. Catharines, ON (Nearby: Thorold, Allanburg, Fonthill, Niagara On The Lake, Port Robinson)

  • Scenic View of St. Catharines
  • SS Vigilant
  • Port Dalhousie
  • Lybster Mill Built in 1860 in St. Catharines as a Cotton Mill, and powered by water from a system of weirs on the Second Canal. It is currently a restaurant.
  • Merritton Cotton Mill The Beaver Cotton Mill was built in 1857 on this St. Catharine’s site and was destroyed by fire in 1881. The present building replaced it in 1885. It was not in use during the Great Depression and was renovated as a restaurant in 2001.
  • Merritton Cotton Mill The Beaver Cotton Mill was built in 1857 on this St. Catharine’s site and was destroyed by fire in 1881. The present building replaced it in 1885. It was not in use during the Great Depression and was renovated as a restaurant in 2001.
  • Morningstar Mill The gristmill was built in 1872 on land owned by Robert Chappel at Decew Falls to process wheat, oats, barley and rye.

4 Queen St.
St. Catharines, Ontario
L2R 5G3

Ontario Tourism Region : Niagara Falls and Wine Country

Description From Owner:
  • Postcards above used with permission from A Great Lakes Treasury of Old Postcards 2007 Lorenzo Marcolin, MD 176 pp. For Copies call the Huronia Museum 705 526 2844 or email

Untitled Document

Pop. 127,442. In the Reg. Mun. of Niagara on L. Ontario and the Welland Canal and the QEW, 64 km. E of Hamilton.

The city is nicknamed "The Garden City" or "The Best Blooming Town in Ontario" because the soil and climate of a strip of the south shore of L. Ontario is ideal for growing grapes and plants such as wisteria, magnolia, and forsythia, which are abundant.

The city had its beginnings on the site of a crudely built First Nations Peoples bridge across Twelve Mile Creek. The site is believed to have been one of the most heavily ­populated First Nations Peoples encampments in North America prior to the arrival of the first settlers. The burial grounds alone covered an area of five or six acres (2-2.4 ha). The first settlers are believed to have been United Empire Loyalists John Hainer and Jacob Dittrick, who arrived in 1790, and other Loyalists, mostly former members of Butlers Rangers, soon arrived.

When the military surveyors came to survey the area into 100-acre lots to dole out to members of Butlers Rangers, they used the lakeshore as the survey base line and ran east-west survey lines inland parallel to the lake. These became some of the communitys main streets. Then the surveyors ran north-south survey lines inland straight back from the lakeshore. These became the main intersecting streets. As a consequence, the city does not have the ordinary rectangular grid road pattern with roads meeting each other at 90° angles to form square comers. St. Catharines has an angular grid road pattern with roads meeting each other at 65° or 115° angles, forming narrow comers on one side of the street and wide comers on the other.

The community was called St. Catharines after the first wife of wealthy merchant and land owner, Hon. Robert Hamilton, who died in 1796. Hamilton was superintendent of the Western District and a member of the first executive council of Upper Canada. He donated land for the first school and church.

The name was interchangeable for a time with The Twelve, after the creek, or Shipmans Corners after a tavern owned by Paul Shipman. The citys name is one of the most frequently misspelled in Canada. The post office spelled it St. Catherines from 1817 to 1849 and the Roman Catholic cathedral St. Catherines is located on St. Catherines St.

The first wooden canal, started in 1824 by the WeIland Canal Company, was completed by 1833 between Port Dalhousie (now part of St. Catharines) on L. Ontario, and Port Colborne on L. Erie. Competitive rowing became popular in Canada in the 1860s, and in 1880 the first Royal Canadian Henley Regatta for international rowers was held in Toronto. In 1903 a section of the old WeIland Canal at Port Dalhousie was chosen as the permanent site for this popular competition. In 1931 a concrete stand to seat 3,000 was built.

In 1874 Dr. Theophilus Mack established the St. Catharines Training School for Nurses. The school endorsed the Florence Nightingale system of training based on a sound knowledge of hygiene and medicine, and was the first of its kind in Canada. St. Catharines is also the home of Ridley College, established by the Anglican Church in 1889, and Brock University, chartered in 1964.


From Ontario Place Names 2007 David E. Scott Ph. 866 471 4123 or 905 680 7884

Map Below gives Canadian Geographical Names 
Natural Resources Canada in the Region of Niagara.


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Visitors to this page: 11,469     This record last updated: December 5, 2014

Off the beaten track:
  • Shipman, 0km
  • Montebello, 1km
  • Ridley Heights, 1km
  • Martindale Heights, 1km
  • Henley, 2km
  • Old Glenridge, 2km
  • Glenridge, St. Catharines area, 2km
  • Pelham, 2km
  • Western Hill, 3km
  • Barnesdale, 3km
  • Facer, 3km
  • Marsdale, 4km
  • Port Dalhousie, 4km
  • Ryderville, 4km
  • Niagara Gardens, 4km
  • Carlton Park, 4km
  • Power Glen, 5km
  • Grantham, 5km
  • Merritton, 5km
  • DeCew Falls, 6km
  • Weller Park, 7km
  • Port Weller, 7km
  • Homer, 5km
  • Thorold Park, 7km
  • Beaver Dams, 7km
  • Port Weller East, 7km
  • St. Johns, Niagara Falls area, 9km
  • Thorold South, 9km
  • Rockway, Niagara Falls area, 8km
  • McNab, 9km
  • Black Horse Corner, Niagara Falls area , 10km
  • Turners Corners, 12km
  • Effingham, 11km
  • Jordan Station, 9km
  • Jordan Harbour, 9km
  • Jordan, 10km
  • Port Robinson, 14km
  • Kunda Park, 15km
  • Vineland Station, 11km
  • Vineland, 11km
  • Mulhern, 12km
  • Ridgeville, 15km
  • North Pelham, 14km
  • Virgil, 12km
  • St. Davids, Niagara Falls area, 12km
  • Colemans, Niagara-on-the-Lake area, 13km
  • Pelham Corners, 16km
  • Greens Corners, Niagara Falls area, 13km
  • Queensway Gardens, 13km
  • Orchard Park, Niagara Falls area, 13km
Nearby Lakes:
  • Martindale Pond, 3km
  • Lake Moodie, 6km
  • Fifteen Mile Pond, 6km
  • Lake Gibson, 7km
  • Sixteen Mile Pond, 6km
  • Eighteen Mile Pond, 7km
  • Eight Mile Pond, 9km
  • Four Mile Pond, 15km
  • Two Mile Pond, 16km
  • Quarry Ponds, 31km
  • The Clay Pits, 31km
  • Biederman Pond, 31km
  • Dils Lake, 29km
  • Lighthouse Pond, 51km
  • Long Pond, 52km
  • West Pond, 56km
  • Grenadier Pond, 56km
  • Lake Niapenco, 49km
  • Lake Wabukayne, 61km
  • Fisher's Pond, 54km
  • Lake Aquitaine, 62km
  • Lake Medad, 56km
  • West Pond, 56km
  • Claireville Reservoir, 71km
  • Toogood Pond, 79km
  • Mill Pond, 64km
  • Dry Lake, 61km
  • Whitevale Pond, 81km
  • Progreston Pond, 63km
  • Crawford Lake, 66km
  • Carlisle Pond, 64km
  • McClures Lake, 65km
  • Kelso Lake, 68km
  • Christie Reservoir, 64km
  • Philips Lake, 86km
  • Heart Lake, 78km
  • Thompson Lake, 86km
  • Campbellville Pond, 69km
  • Bond Lake, 87km
  • Gulliver's Lake, 66km
  • Wilcox Lake, 88km
  • Scotch Block Reservoir, 72km
  • Simeon Lake, 89km
  • Haynes Lake, 89km
  • St. George Lake, 89km
  • Preston Lake, 92km
  • Glasgow Pond, 92km
  • Lake Seneca, 91km
  • Mary Lake, 91km
  • van Nostrand Lake, 93km